What are menstrual irregularities?

After a teen has been menstruating for a few years, her menstrual cycle typically becomes more regular. For most women, a normal menstrual cycle ranges from 21 to 35 days. However, up to 14% of women have irregular menstrual cycles or excessively heavy menstrual bleeding.

Most abnormal uterine bleeding can be divided into anovulatory and ovulatory patterns.

  1. Anovulatory: Irregular/infrequent periods with absent, minimal, or excessive bleeding.
  2. Ovulatory: Periods that occur at regular intervals but are characterized by excessive bleeding or a duration of greater than 7 days.

The most common menstrual irregularities include:

  • Anovulatory Bleeding:
    • Ammenorrhea: Absent menstrual periods. When a woman does not get her period by age 16, or when she stops getting her period for at least 3 months and is not pregnant.
    • Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent menstrual periods. Periods that occur more than 35 days apart.
  • Ovulatory Bleeding:
    • Menorrhagia: Heavy menstrual periods. Also called excessive bleeding.
    • Prolonged menstrual bleeding: Bleeding that exceeds 8 days in duration on a regular basis.

Additional menstrual irregularities include

  1. Dysmenorrhea : Painful periods that may include severe menstrual cramps.
  2. Polymenorrhea : Frequent menstrual periods occurring less than 21 days apart.
  3. Irregular menstrual periods with a cycle-to-cycle variation of more than 20 days.
  4. Shortened menstrual bleeding of less than 2 days in duration.
  5. Intermenstrual bleeding: Episodes of bleeding that occur between periods, also known as spotting.

Causes for menstrual irregularities

Common causes of anovulatory bleeding (absent, infrequent periods, and irregular periods) include:

  • Adolescence
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Eating disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
  • Hyperprolactinemia (an abnormally high concentration in the blood of prolactin, a protein hormone)
  • Medications, such as contraceptive pills, antipsychotics, Menses Suppressive pills.
  • Perimenopause
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Pregnancy

Common causes of ovulatory bleeding (heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding) include:

  • Structural problems, such as uterine fibroids or polyps
  • Bleeding disorders, such as leukemia, platelet disorders, the various factor deficiencies, or von Willebrand disease
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Advanced liver disease

Common causes of dysmenorrhea (menstrual pain) include:

  • Heavy menstrual flow
  • Smoking
  • Depression
  • Never having given birth
  • Endometriosis
  • Chronic uterine infection

Additional causes of menstrual irregularity include:

Endometriosis, Endocrine gland-related causes, Poorly controlled diabetes, Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), Cushing’s syndrome, Thyroid dysfunction, Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), Late-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Acquired conditions, Stress-related hypothalamic dysfunction, Medications, Exercise-induced amenorrhea, Eating disorders (both anorexia and bulimia), Tumors, Ovarian, Adrenal, Prolactinomas (a noncancerous pituitary tumor that produces prolactin).

Advantages of Homoeopathy in menstrual irregularities:

  • Homoeopathy provides excellent symptomic relief for menstrual disorders.
  • Homeopathic remedies are safe and gentle to use for the body, and also promote overall health and well being.
  • Help to support a normal menstrual flow, balanced mood, and reduce fatigue thus increasing and energy levels.
  • Supports hormonal balance, female reproductive health and stimulates endocrine glands in such a way that the hormonal imbalance is restored.