What are menstrual irregularities?
After a teen has been menstruating for a few years, her menstrual cycle typically becomes more regular. For most women, a normal menstrual cycle ranges from 21 to 35 days. However, up to 14% of women have irregular menstrual cycles or excessively heavy menstrual bleeding.
Most abnormal uterine bleeding can be divided into anovulatory and ovulatory patterns.
- Anovulatory: Irregular/infrequent periods with absent, minimal, or excessive bleeding.
- Ovulatory: Periods that occur at regular intervals but are characterized by excessive bleeding or a duration of greater than 7 days.
The most common menstrual irregularities include:
- Anovulatory Bleeding:
- Ammenorrhea: Absent menstrual periods. When a woman does not get her period by age 16, or when she stops getting her period for at least 3 months and is not pregnant.
- Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent menstrual periods. Periods that occur more than 35 days apart.
- Ovulatory Bleeding:
- Menorrhagia: Heavy menstrual periods. Also called excessive bleeding.
- Prolonged menstrual bleeding: Bleeding that exceeds 8 days in duration on a regular basis.
Additional menstrual irregularities include
- Dysmenorrhea : Painful periods that may include severe menstrual cramps.
- Polymenorrhea : Frequent menstrual periods occurring less than 21 days apart.
- Irregular menstrual periods with a cycle-to-cycle variation of more than 20 days.
- Shortened menstrual bleeding of less than 2 days in duration.
- Intermenstrual bleeding: Episodes of bleeding that occur between periods, also known as spotting.
Causes for menstrual irregularities
Common causes of anovulatory bleeding (absent, infrequent periods, and irregular periods) include:
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Eating disorders
- Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
- Hyperprolactinemia (an abnormally high concentration in the blood of prolactin, a protein hormone)
- Medications, such as contraceptive pills, antipsychotics, Menses Suppressive pills.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Common causes of ovulatory bleeding (heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding) include:
- Structural problems, such as uterine fibroids or polyps
- Bleeding disorders, such as leukemia, platelet disorders, the various factor deficiencies, or von Willebrand disease
- Advanced liver disease
Common causes of dysmenorrhea (menstrual pain) include:
- Heavy menstrual flow
- Never having given birth
- Chronic uterine infection
Additional causes of menstrual irregularity include:
Endometriosis, Endocrine gland-related causes, Poorly controlled diabetes, Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), Cushing’s syndrome, Thyroid dysfunction, Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), Late-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Acquired conditions, Stress-related hypothalamic dysfunction, Medications, Exercise-induced amenorrhea, Eating disorders (both anorexia and bulimia), Tumors, Ovarian, Adrenal, Prolactinomas (a noncancerous pituitary tumor that produces prolactin).
Advantages of Homoeopathy in menstrual irregularities:
- Homoeopathy provides excellent symptomic relief for menstrual disorders.
- Homeopathic remedies are safe and gentle to use for the body, and also promote overall health and well being.
- Help to support a normal menstrual flow, balanced mood, and reduce fatigue thus increasing and energy levels.
- Supports hormonal balance, female reproductive health and stimulates endocrine glands in such a way that the hormonal imbalance is restored.