Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that features the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of one or more joints. Cartilage is a protein substance that serves as a “cushion” between the bones of the joints.
Osteoarthritis commonly affects the hands, feet, spine, and large weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees. Osteoarthritis usually has no known cause and is referred to as primary osteoarthritis. When the cause of the osteoarthritis is known, the condition is referred to as secondary osteoarthritis.
Primary osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis not resulting from injury or disease, is mostly a result of natural aging of the joint. Repetitive use of the worn joints over the years can irritate and inflame the cartilage, causing joint pain and swelling. Loss of the cartilage cushion causes friction between the bones, leading to pain and limitation of joint mobility.
Secondary osteoarthritis is a form of osteoarthritis that is caused by another disease or condition.
- Congenital Disorders of joints
- Chronic forms of arthritis and Gout. In gout, uric acid crystals cause the cartilage to degenerate at a faster pace.
- Infective/Septic Arthritis
- Ligamentous deterioration or instability may be a factor.
- Marfan’s Syndrome(is agenetic disorder of the connective tissue. People with Marfan’s tend to be unusually tall, with long limbs and long, thin fingers.)
- Metabolic Cause – Hemochromatosis(is used to indicate the pathological effect of iron accumulation in any given organ, which mainly occurs in the form of haemosiderin.), Wilson’s Disease( autosomal recessive genetic disorder in which copper accumulates in tissues; this manifests as neurological or psychiatric symptoms and liver )
- Endocrine Cause– Growth hormonedisorders are also associated with early cartilage wear and secondary osteoarthritis.
Signs and Symptoms
- Onset Gradual
- Sex- Female:Male = 2:1
- Weight bearing Joints like Hip, Knee, shoulder, elbow and spinal joints are involved
- Pain intermittent then continuous
- Restricted Movement and Stiffness of joints
- Nocturnal Pain
- Stiff joints <Acitivity>Rest
- In females small joints are involved after menopausal age – Menopausal Arthritis
Most individuals opting for Homeopathy experience improvement in joint mobility, reduction in pain/stiffness and a significant reduction in the frequency of relapses.
Homoeopathy is a valuable alternative therapy and can be taken indefinitely without any side effects.