What are Urinary Tract infection /UTI?
Your urinary tract is the system that makes urine and carries it out of your body. It includes your bladder and kidneys and the tubes that connect them. When germs get into this system, they can cause an infection.
Most urinary tract infections are bladder infections which is called as cystitis. A bladder infection usually is not serious if it is treated right away. If you do not take care of a bladder infection, it can spread to your kidneys. A kidney infection is serious and can cause permanent damage which is called as pyelonephritis.
What causes urinary tract infections?
- Usually, germs get into your system through your urethra, the tube that carries urine from your bladder to the outside of your body. The germs that usually cause these infections live in your large intestine and are found in your stool. If these germs get inside your urethra, they can travel up into your bladder and kidneys and cause an infection.
- Women tend to get more bladder infections than men. This is probably because women have shorter urethras, so it is easier for the germs to move up to their bladders. Having sex can make it easier for germs to get into your urethra.
- The most common causes of UTI infections (about 80%) are E. coli bacterial strains that usually inhabit the colon. However, many other bacteria can occasionally cause an infection (for example, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Proteus, Staphylococcus, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Serratia and Neisseria spp.).
- You may be more likely to get an infection if you do not drink enough fluids, you have diabetes, or you are pregnant.
- The chance that you will get a bladder infection is higher if you have any problem that blocks the flow of urine from your bladder. Examples include having kidney stones or an enlarged prostate gland.
What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?
- Pain or burning when you use the bathroom
- Fever, tiredness or shakiness
- An urge to use the bathroom often
- Pressure in your lower belly
- Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy or reddish
- Less frequently, nausea or back pain
How UTI can be Prevented?
- Drinking plenty of water to dilute the urine and flushing the kidneys is important.
- Cranberry juice (unsweetened) can be helpful in acting as a diuretic and flushing the bladder and kidneys.
- Diaphragms and condoms: Using a diaphragm for contraception can increase the risk of getting a UTI. This is because the diaphragm may press on your bladder and prevent it from emptying completely when you urinate. If you get recurring UTIs and you use condoms, try using condoms that don’t have a spermicidal lubricant on them – it will say whether it does on the packet. Spermicidal lubricant can cause irritation and make it more likely that you’ll get a UTI. There are lots of condoms that have non-spermicidal lubricant, so use these instead.
- Go to the toilet as soon as you feel the need to urinate, rather than holding it in.
- Wipe from front to back after going to the toilet.
- Practise good hygiene by washing your genitals every day, and before having sex.
- Empty your bladder after having sex.
- Homeopathic medicines are very effective, safe and curative in cases of Urinary Tract Infections.
- As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat urinary tract infection that can be selected on the basis of causes, sensations and modalities of the complaints.