What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is the feeling that you or your environment is moving or spinning. Is a subtype of dizziness in which a patient inappropriately experiences the perception of motion (usually a spinning motion) due to dysfunction of the vestibular system.  It is often associated with nausea and vomiting as well as a balance disorder, causing difficulties standing or walking.

What are the types of vertigo?

There are three types of vertigo.

  1. Objective: describes when the patient has the sensation that objects in the environment are moving.
  2. Subjective: refers to when the patient feels as if he or she is moving.
  3. Pseudovertigo: an intensive sensation of rotation inside the patient’s head.

Classification of Vertigo

Vertigo is classified into either peripheral or central depending on the location of the dysfunction of the vestibular pathway, although it can also be caused by psychological factors.

  1. Peripheral
  • Vertigo caused by problems with the inner ear or vestibular system.
  • The most common cause is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), which accounts for 32% of all peripheral vertigo. Other causes include Ménière’s disease (12%), labyrinthitis and visual vertigo.
  • Any cause of inflammation such as common cold, influenza, and bacterial infections may cause transient vertigo if it involves the inner ear.
  • Patients with peripheral vertigo typically present with mild to moderate imbalance, nausea, vomiting, hearing loss, tinnitus, fullness, and pain in the ear.
  1. Central
  • Vertigo that arises from injury to the balance centers of the central nervous system (CNS), often from a lesion in the brainstem or cerebellum and is generally associated with less prominent movement illusion and nausea than vertigo of peripheral origin.
  • Central vertigo has accompanying neurologic deficits (such as slurred speech and double vision), and pathologic nystagmus (which is pure vertical/torsional).
  • A number of conditions that involve the central nervous system may lead to vertigo including: lesions caused by infarctions or hemorrhage, tumors present in the cerebellopontine angle such as a cerebellar tumors, epilepsy, cervical spine disorders such as cervical spondylosis, degenerative ataxia disorders, migraine headaches, lateral medullary syndrome, parkinsonism, as well as cerebral dysfunction. Central vertigo may not improve or may do so more slowly than vertigo caused by disturbance to peripheral structures.

What are signs and symptoms of Vertigo?

  • Sensation of spinning while stationary.
  • The signs and symptoms of vertigo can present as a persistent (insidious) onset or an episodic (sudden) onset.
  • Associated with nausea or vomiting, unsteadiness (postural instability),falls,and difficulties walking.
  • Blurred vision, difficulty speaking, a lowered level of consciousness, and hearing loss may also occur.
  • Abnormal eye movements.

Advantage of Homoeopathy in case of Vertigo

  • Homeopathy is strongly recommended for Vertigo.
  • As discussed above, the medication will help the patients to get back to normalcy without having to bear any of the side-effects of conventional medication.
  • It helps not only in controlling the intensity and frequency of the attacks of vertigo, but also in alleviating the anxiety that is frequently associated with this condition.
  • It improves the general immunity and vitality of the patient apart from targeting the cause of the vertigo.